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PSU Coaching: Electronics & Communication (EC), Electrical Engineering (EE), Mechanical Engineering (ME)

Introduction to PSUs

PSUs (Public Sector Undertakings)
The government owned corporations are termed as Public sector Undertakings (PSUs) in India. In a PSU majority (51% or more) of the paid share capital is held by central government or by any state government or partly by the central government and partly by one or more state governments. Several Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) under the aegis of Government of India regularly provide tremendous employment opportunities in various technical and management areas.

Maharatna PSUs: Maharatna is the status given to top public sector enterprises where the companies have the authority to make foreign investments of upto Rs 5,000 crores without taking any government approval. To be qualified as Maharatna, the company should gain an annual net profit of over Rs. 5,000 crores, net worth of Rs. 15,000 crores and turnover of Rs. 25,000 crores over past three consecutive years. At present the companies which have Maharatna status are: SAIL, ONGC, NTPC, CIL, IOCL, BHEL and GAIL.

Navratna PSUs: Navratna status is conferred to the companies by the Department of Public Enterprises. To be qualified as a Navratna, the company must obtain a score of 60 out of 100. The score is based on six parameters which include net profit to net worth, total manpower cost to total cost of production or cost of services, PBDIT (Profit before depreciation, interest and taxes) to capital employed, PBDIT to turnover, EPS (Earning per Share) and inter-sectoral performance. Additionally, a company must first be a Miniratna and have four independent directors on its board before it can be made a Navratna. The Navratna status gives privileges to enhance financial and operational autonomy and empowers to invest up to Rs. 1000 crores or 15% of their net worth on a single project without seeking government approval. In a year, these companies can spend up to 30% of their net worth not exceeding Rs. 1000 crores. They will also have the freedom to enter joint ventures, form alliances and float subsidiaries abroad.

How to Prepare for PSUs?

PSUs Entrance Exam Question Paper mainly consists of two major sections:
Technical Section: Subject specialization of related stream
Non-Technical Section: General Awareness, Current Affairs, English Language, Reasoning & Aptitude. Hence to crack PSUs competitive exam, candidate should prepare for both technical and non-technical sections, where 50% to 70% questions are from technical and remaining questions from non-technical sections.
 
  • Be aware of exam pattern of different PSUs like number of technical questions, number of non-technical questions, negative marking, exam duration, marks per question etc.
  • Always make it a habit of referring to previous year question papers.
  • Prefer Reference books for derivations, equations, conceptual thought process, theory etc.
  • Use shortcut techniques for numerical solving instead of traditional methods to save time.
  • Practice previous year question papers and analyze the weak topics and concentrate more on those topics. Always try to solve question papers in a given time frame to obtain an idea as how many questions you are able to solve in given limits.

Group Discussion Round: Group Discussion is a crucial round conducted for shortlisted candidates. Good communication skills, topic knowledge, team spirit, leadership qualities, patience level and presence of mind are the major parameters to be considered.

Personal Interview: The personal interview is conducted to judge the personality of a candidate. Sound technical knowledge, positive attitude, body language, good communication skills play an important role to clear personal interviews. Candidates should be prepared with questions about their strengths and weaknesses and answer all questions confidently.

PSUs Exam Pattern

Organization Post Exam Pattern Related links
BSNL JTO Written Test- Objective
Set A :Engg stream
(50 questions)
Set B: Engg stream
(50 questions)
Section C: General
Ability Test (20 questions)
www.bsnl.co.in
NTPC Executive Trainees Written Test –
GATE Exam
Set A: 55questions
(Engg Stream)
Set B: 35 questions
(Executive Aptitude Test)
Negative marking: ¼ marks
Group Discussion
Personal Interview
www.ntpccareers.net
BHEL Engineer Trainees Written test-objective
GATE Exam
Personal Interview
www.bhel.com/
ONGC Graduate Trainees Written test
(Objective and Subjective)
Psychometric test and PI
www.ongcindia.com

PSUs Salary Structure

ORGANIZATION SECTOR STATUS SALARY STRUCTURE
Oil & Natural
Gas Corporation
Limited (ONGC)
Petroleum &
Natural Gas
Maharatna Rs. 24,900-50,500
Indian Oil Corporation
Limited (IOCL)
Petroleum &
Natural Gas
Maharatna Rs. 23,000-46,500
National Thermal
Power Corporation
Limited (NTPC)
Power Maharatna Rs. 24,900-50,500
Steel Authority
of India Limited
(SAIL)
Steel and Iron Maharatna Rs.20,600-46500
Coal India
Limited
Mining Maharatna Rs.20,600-46500
Bharat Petroleum
Corporation Limited
(BPCL)
Petroleum &
Natural Gas
Navratna Rs. 23,000-46,500
Gas Authority of
India Limited (GAIL)
Petroleum &
Natural Gas
Navratna Rs. 24,900-50,500
Hindustan Petroleum
Corporation Limited
(HPCL)
Petroleum &
Natural Gas
Navratna Rs. 24,900-50,500
Oil India
Limited (OIL)
Petroleum &
Natural Gas
Navratna Rs. 24,900-50,500
Power Grid
Corporation of
India Limited (PGCIL)
Power Navratna Rs. 24,900-50,500
Bharat Electronics
Limited (BEL)
Defense Navratna Rs. 16,400-40,500
Hindustan
Aeronautics
Limited (HAL)
Defense Navratna Rs 16500-40500
National Mineral
Development
Corporation
Limited
(NMDC)
Steel and Iron Navratna Rs. 16,400-40,500
Mahanagar
Telephone Nigam
Limited (MTNL)
Communication
& IT
Navratna Rs. 24,900-50,500
Power Finance
Corporation Limited
Finance Navratna Rs. 24,900-50,500
National Aluminum
Company
Limited (NALCO)
Mining Navratna Rs. 16,400-40,500
Shipping Corporation
of India Limited
Shipping Navratna Rs.20,600-46500
Rural Electrification
Corporation Limited
Power Navratna Rs.20500-26500
Bharat Earth
Movers Limited
(BEML Limited )
Defense Mini-Ratna Rs. 16,400-40,500
Mazagaon Docks
Limited (MDL)
Defense Mini-Ratna Rs. 16,400-40,500
  Engineers India
Limited (EIL)
Petroleum
& Natural Gas
Mini-Ratna Rs.20,600-46500
Bharat Sanchar
Nigam Limited (BSNL)
Communication
& IT
Mini-Ratna Rs. 16,400-40,500
RITES Infrastructure Mini-Ratna Rs. 16,400-40,500  
National Hydroelectric
Power Corporation
(NHPC) Limited
Power Mini-Ratna Rs.20,600-46500
Airport Authority
Of India Limited
(AAI)
Civil Aviation Mini-Ratna Rs. 16,400-40,500
Indian Space
Research
Organization (ISRO)
Department
of Space
Govt. of India Rs. 15,600-39,100
Defense Research
& Development
Organization (DRDO)
Defense Govt. of India Rs. 15,600-39,100
Bhabha Atomic
Research
Centre (BARC)
Department
of Atomic
Energy
Govt. of India Rs. 15,600-39,100
Electronics Corporation
of India Limited (ECIL)
Department
of Atomic
Energy
Govt. of India Rs. 16,400-40,500
Delhi Metro Rail
Corporation (DMRC)
Transportation Govt. of India Rs.20,600-46500

PSUs Percentage Criteria


ORGANIZATION
STREAMS APPLICABLE PERCENTAGE
GEN OBC SC/ST PH
Bridge & Roof
co. (I) Ltd
EE, ME, CE 70 70 60 60
BHEL EC, EE, ME, MT 65 65 60 60
ONGC ECE, EE, ME, CE, CS,
IN, CH, 
65 65 60 60
NTPC EC, EE, ME, EC,
CS, IN
65 65 55 55
SAIL EC ,EE,ME,CS, IN, CH,
Metallurgy, Ceramics
65 65 50 50
IOCL EC, EE, ME, CE,
CS, IN
65 65 55 55
ISRO EC, EE, ME, CS 65 65 65 65
PGCIL EC, EE, CE, CS 65 65 Pass Pass
HAL EC, EE, ME,
Industrial, Production
CS, IN
65 60 60 60
NALCO  EE, ME, CS, IT, C&I, 
 Civil, Chemical,
Metallurgy, Mining,
65 65 55 55
GAIL EC, EE, ME, CS,
IN, CH
65 65 60 60
DRDO EC, ME, EE,
CS, CH
60 60 55 55
DMRC EC, EE, ME, CE 60 60 55 55
GAIL ME, IN, CH 60 60 60 60
BPCL ME, CS, IN  60 60 55 55
MTNL EC, EE, CS, IT 60 60 55 55
HPCL EC, EE, ME, CE,
IN, CH
60 60 50 50
BEL EC, EE, ME, CE, CS,
CH, Telecommunication
60 60 Pass Pass
BARC  EC,ME, CS, CH,
 Instrumentation,
Metallurgy, & Control Engg
60 60 60 55
Indian Railways EC, EE, ME, CE, 
CS or M.sc in Chemistry
or Applied Chemistry,
Metallurgy, CH
60 60 55 55
ECIL EC, EE, ME, CE,
CS, E&I
60 60 50 50
VIZAG STEEL EC, EE, ME, CE, CH,
 IN, Ceramics,
CH, Metallurgy
60 60 50 50
NHPC EE, ME, CE 60 60 50 50
SJVNL EC, EE, ME, Civil,
IT
55 50 50 50
BSNL Telecommunication,
EC, Radio, CS,
EE, IT, CE
- - - -
BHARATI PRASAR EC, EE, IT - - - -  

PSUs Age Criteria


ORGANIZATION
AGE CRITERIA
Gen OBC SC/ST PH
Bridge & Roof
co. (I) Ltd
24 years 24-27 years 29 years 29 years-General
32 years-OBC
34 years- SC/ST
BHEL 27 years 27-30 years 32 years 32 years-General
35 years-OBC
37 years- SC/ST
ONGC 30 years 30-33 years 35 years 35 years-General
38 years-OBC
40 years- SC/ST
NTPC 27 years 27-30 years 32 years 32 years-General
35 years-OBC
37 years-SC/ST
SAIL 30 years 30-33 years 35 years 35 years-General
38 years-OBC
40 years- SC/ST
IOCL 26 years 26-29 years 31 years 31 years-General
34 years-OBC
36 years- SC/ST
ISRO 28 years 28-31 years 33 years 33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
PGCIL 28 years 28-31 years 33 years 33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
HAL 28 years 28-31 years 33 years 33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
NALCO 30 years 30-33 years 35 years 35 years-General
38 years-OBC
40 years- SC/ST
GAIL 28 years 28-31 years 33 years 33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
DRDO 28 years 28-31 years 33 years 33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
DMRC 28 years 28-31 years 33 years 33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
GAIL 26 years 26-29 years 31 years 31 years-General
34 years-OBC
36 years- SC/ST
BPCL 28 years 28-31 years 33 years 33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
MTNL 30 years 30-33 years 35 years 35 years-General
38 years-OBC
40 years- SC/ST
HPCL 25 years 25-28 years 30 years 30 years-General
33 years-OBC
35 years- SC/ST
BEL 25 years 25-28 years 30 years 30 years-General
33 years-OBC
35 years- SC/ST
BARC 28 years 28-31 years 33 years 33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
Indian Railways 22 to 35 age
Group
22 to 35 age
group + relaxable
upto 3 years
22 to 35 age
group +relaxable
by 5 years
22 to 35 age group +
5 years-General
8 years-OBC
10 years- SC/ST
VIZAG STEEL 25 years 25-28 years 30 years 30 years-General
33 years-OBC
35 years- SC/ST
NHPC 30 years 30-33 years 35 years 35 years-General
38 years-OBC
40 years- SC/ST
BSNL 30 years 30-33 years 35 years 35 years-General
38 years-OBC
40 years- SC/ST
PRASAR
BHARATI
27 years 27-30 years 32 years 32 years-General
35 years-OBC
37 years-SC/ST

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